UNHRC: India re-elected to UN Human Rights Council for record 6th term with overwhelming majority

UNHRC: India re-elected to UN Human Rights Council for record 6th term with overwhelming majority

UNHRC : India re-elected to UN Human Rights Council for record 6th term with overwhelming majority

India was re-elected to the UN Human Rights Council with 184 votes in a 193-member assembly, while the required majority was 97. India’s current term at UNHRC was to end on December 31. 2021.

Why in News?

      • India on October 14, 2021, was re-elected to the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) for the 2022-2024 term with an overwhelming majority in the General Assembly. India’s re-election for the record sixth term to the UN body has been described by New Delhi’s envoy as a robust endorsement of the country’s strong roots in pluralism, democracy, and fundamental rights enshrined in the Constitution.

        The elections were held by the United Nations General Assembly on October 14 for 18 new members of UNHRC who will serve for the period of three years, starting in January 2022.

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      • India was re-elected to the UN Human Rights Council with 184 votes in a 193-member assembly, while the required majority was 97.

        India’s Permanent Representative to the UN Ambassador, TS Tirumurti said, “I am truly delighted at this overwhelming support for India in elections to Human Rights Council. It’s a robust endorsement of our strong roots in democracy, pluralism, and fundamental rights enshrined in our Constitution. We thank all the UN member states for giving us a strong mandate.”

India re-elected to UNHRC: Key Highlights

      • India’s current term at UNHRC was to end on December 31. 2021.
      • For the election for the term 2021-24, there were five vacant seats in the Asia-Pacific States Category- India, Malaysia, Kazakhstan, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates.
      • The 193-member UN General Assembly elected by secret ballot Benin, Argentina, Cameroon, Finland, Eritrea, Gambia, India, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Luxembourg, Lithuania, Malaysia, Paraguay, Montenegro, Qatar, UAE, Somalia, and the USA for the 2022-2024 term on UN Human Rights Council.

Membership of UN Human Rights Council:

  • India congratulated other UN member states for their election to the UN Human Rights Council, which consists of 47 member states elected directly and individually by the secret ballot by the majority of the members of the General Assembly.
  • The members of the UN Human Rights Council will serve for a period of three years and will not be eligible for immediate re-election after two consecutive terms.
  • As of January 2021, 119 of the 193 UN Member states will have served as a member of the Human Rights Council. As per the United Nations, this broad membership not only reflects the UN’s diversity, but it gives the Council legitimacy when speaking out on Human Rights violations in all the countries.

  • The membership of UNHRC is based on equitable geographical distribution and the seats are distributed among regional groups Group of African States (13), Group of Asia Pacific States (13), Group of Eastern European States (6), Group of Latin American and Caribbean States (8) and Group of Western European and other States (7).

US re-elected to UNHRC under Biden administration

The United States in 2018, under the Donald Trump administration, had withdrawn from UN Human Rights Council.

US Ambassador at UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield said that the US’s re-election to UN Human Rights Council has fulfilled US President Joe Biden’s campaign pledge to rejoin the council and that the US will work to ensure this body lives up to these principles.

She further added that in its new role as a member, the United States can fully participate in the Council’s work of protecting and promoting human rights. The initial efforts of the US in the Human Rights Council will be on what can be accomplished in situations of dire needs, such as in Burma, Afghanistan, Ethiopia, China, Yemen, and Syria.

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    Moscow Format meeting on Afghanistan: India to attend Moscow format talks, first formal meeting with Taliban

    Moscow Format meeting on Afghanistan: India to attend Moscow format talks, first formal meeting with Taliban

     Moscow Format meeting on Afghanistan : India to attend Moscow format talks, first formal meeting with Taliban News Title

    This will be the first Moscow format dialogue after the takeover of Kabul by the Taliban in August 2021. The meeting is likely to be the first time India will meet the Taliban face-to-face since it set up an interim government last month.

    Why in News?

        • India has been invited to attend Moscow Format Meeting on Afghanistan on October 20, 2021, informed External Affairs Ministry on October 14, 2021. The meeting will be attended by representatives of the Taliban. 

          India will be participating in it at the joint secretary level. This will be the first Moscow format dialogue after the takeover of Kabul by the Taliban in August 2021. The meeting is likely to be the first time India will meet the Taliban face-to-face since it set up an interim government last month. 

    Background?

        • Russia had invited the Taliban for the Moscow Format meeting on the Afghanistan peace process in 2018 as well. India had participated in the meeting at a “non-official level” by sending senior diplomats Amar Sinha and T C A Raghavan to attend the talks.

    Key Points

        • Significance

          This would be India’s second meeting with the Taliban after it seized control over Afghanistan. The first meeting was on August 31st when India’s Ambassador to Qatar Deepak Mittal and the Taliban Political Office head Sher Mohammad Abbas Stanekzai had met in Doha to discuss safety, security and early return of Indian nationals stranded in Afghanistan.

        • Who will represent India at the Moscow format meeting?

          It is not yet confirmed who will attend the meeting on India’s behalf.MEA spokesperson Arindam Bagchi said during a weekly media briefing, “We have received an invitation to the Moscow Format Meeting on Afghanistan on October 20. We will be participating in it. I don’t have a final confirmation who’ll be attending but it’s likely that we will have it at the joint secretary-level.”

        • Taliban to join Moscow format talks 

          A Taliban delegation is expected to arrive in Moscow next week for the Moscow format talks on Afghanistan. India, Pakistan, China and Iran will also participate in the talks. 

    What is Moscow format?

        • Moscow format is a Russian initiative to find a regional solution to the Afghanistan crisis. The Moscow format was introduced in 2017 on the basis of a six-party mechanism for consultations between special representatives from Russia, Afghanistan, China, Pakistan, India and Iran. 

          The main objective of the Moscow format talks is to facilitate the national reconciliation process in Afghanistan and secure peace in that country as soon as possible.

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    China sends 25 jets into Taiwan air zone

    China sends 25 jets into Taiwan air zone

    China – Taiwan Issue

    China sends 25 jets into Taiwan air zone

    Why in News?

        • China’s display of air force against Taiwan is the exhibition of military power.
        • This has been on the rise by China against Taiwan.

    Background

        • China has claimed Taiwan through its “one China” policy since the Chinese civil war forced the defeated Kuomintang, or Nationalists, to flee to the island in 1949 and has vowed to bring it under Beijing’s rule by force if necessary.
        • While Taiwan is self-governed and de facto independent, it has never formally declared independence from the mainland.
        • Under the “one country, two systems” formula, Taiwan would have the right to run its own affairs; a similar arrangement is used in Hong Kong.
        • Presently, Taiwan is claimed by China, which refuses diplomatic relations with countries that recognize the region.

    Indo- Taiwan Relations:

        • Although they do not have formal diplomatic ties, Taiwan and India have been cooperating in various fields.
        • India has refused to endorse the “one-China” policy since 2010.

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                            (a) Arctic Ocean

                            (b) Indian Ocean

                            (c) Atlantic Ocean

                            (d) Pacific Ocean

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