Centre to increase coal production to 2 million tones per day in a week

Centre to increase coal production to 2 million tones per day in a week

Centre to increase coal production to 2 million tonnes per day in a week 

India Coal Crisis: Government is boosting it’s per day coal production from 1.94 million to 2 million tonnes within a week. Know key details.

Why in News?

      • The Central Government is boosting its per day coal production from 1.94 million to 2 million tonnes within a week to meet the rampant demand for coal by states, power companies, and railways. Coal Minister Pralhad Joshi on October 13 tweeted that coal shipments to thermal power plants have surpassed 2 million tonnes per day from 1.87 million tonnes per day as of October 11. Use of local coal up to a 10 per cent blend of imported coal has been granted to permit power generators to increase coal stocks.

        As per government sources to ANI, “There is no shortage in the daily supply of coal to states and power companies. About 5 days stock of coal is being maintained and the situation will be back to normal in a month’s time.”

India’s Coal Crisis: States owe Rs 20,000 crores to Coal India: Govt sources

      • Many reasons are being considered for the current coal shortage in the country. As per media reports, the Coal Ministry since January 2021 has been issuing notices to several states to stock coal in their respective states but no action was taken. Coal India can stock up to a limit because stocking more than the limit poses a risk of fire.

        Jharkhand, West Bengal, and Rajasthan did not do much on extracting coal despite having their own mines in the states. Reports state that despite clearances, several states did not do sufficient mining amid the COVID pandemic and rains as reasons.

        Reports also noted that several states are under debt from Coal India. Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Rajasthan, and Tamil Nadu are among the big defaulters. As per government sources, states have dues of Rs 20,000 crores to be paid to Coal India Limited.

Monsoons, Rising Coal Prices, Surge in Industrial Power Demand

      • Prolonged Monsoons, a fall in imports, rising coal prices, and a surge in industrial power demand in India are adding to the current shortage of coal.

        Prolonged monsoons have led to lower production and lesser coal-stock accumulation by thermal power plants. The difference between global coal prices and domestic prices has caused a 12 per cent fall in imports of foreign coal which in turn has led to rising high coal prices.

        Adding to that, industrialization and electrification of villages have also fueled the surge in industrial power demand for coal in India. Reports state that Punjab and Delhi recently shut their coal plants in Bhatinda and Ropar.

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Cyclone Shaheen: Likely to intensify into severe cyclonic storm over Arabian Sea

Cyclone Shaheen: Likely to intensify into severe cyclonic storm over Arabian Sea

Cyclone Shaheen: Likely to intensify into severe cyclonic storm over Arabian Sea

Cyclone Shaheen is likely to intensify into a severe cyclonic storm during the next 24 hours.

 

Why in News?

      • October 1, 2021, the deep depression over the northeast Arabian Sea off the Gujarat coast intensified into cyclonic storm Shaheen around 5.30 am, informed the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD). The deep depression has been caused by the remnants of cyclone Gulab. The weather system caused heavy rains in the Saurashtra region of Gujarat in the past 24 hours.

         

Deep depression over northeast Arabian Sea off Gujarat coast

      • The well-marked low-pressure area over south Gujarat region and adjoining Gulf of Khambhat and the remnants of cyclonic storm Gulab on September 29 moved west-northwestwards, emerged into the Gulf of Kutch, and intensified into a deep depression which lay centered as a deep depression over the northeast Arabian Sea off Gujarat coast.

        The deep depression is approximately 255-km east-northeast of Dev Bhoomi Dwarka in Gujarat, 180-km south-southwest of Karachi in Pakistan, and 660-km east-southeast of Chabahar Port in Iran, stated IMD.

Key Points

Cyclone Shaheen likely to intensify into severe cyclonic storm

      • The deep depression system is likely to move west-northwestwards towards the Pakistan-Makran coasts away from the Indian coast. It is expected to intensify further into a severe cyclonic storm Shaheen with wind speed upto 90 to 110 kmph.

        Though the system will not hit the Indian coast but is likely to bring heavy to very heavy and extremely heavy rainfall across Saurashtra and Kutch region during the next 12 hours with wind speed gusting up to 70 kmph over the northeast and east-central the Arabian Sea off south Gujarat coast and off north Maharashtra coast.

        Fishermen are advised not to venture into the Arabian Sea and stay off Gujarat and north Maharashtra coasts. Tourism and recreational activities across the Gujarat coast will also be suspended till October 1, 2021.

        However, the weather system across Gujarat has resulted in heavy to very heavy rainfall. The active monsoon system in Gujarat throughout September has helped the state account for 54 per cent (426mm of 789mm) of seasonal rainfall. The state was on the brink of a deficient year in terms of rainfall activity.

Cyclonic storm Gulab

      • Cyclonic storm Gulab had begun as a depression in the Bay of Bengal on September 25, 2021. The depression system intensified as deep depression and made landfall on Andhra Pradesh and Odisha on September 26, 2021. Cyclonic storm Gulab was the third cyclonic storm in 2021 in India after Tauktae and Yaas.

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